Australia is a huge country with a coastline of over 34,000kms or 21,000 miles.
You can fit nearly 32 UKs in to Australia!
The population of Australia is now over 24 million people (2016 data). Most of those people live in the capital cities or close to the coast.
Australia is made up of states and territories. Each one with their own capital city, state government and their own unique tourist attractions.
Looking at the map of Australia (below) doesn't really give much perspective.
Even after a long flight to Australia, most visitors don't quite realise how BIG this country is.
Flights in Australia are usually how you get around between the cities.
Perhaps these approximate flying times between some Australia cities might help.
- Sydney to Perth - 5 hours
- Sydney to Canberra - under an hour
- Sydney to Melbourne - 1 hour 20 mins
- Sydney to Adelaide - 2 hours
- Sydney to Brisbane - 1½ hours
- Sydney to Darwin - 4½ hours
- Sydney to Cairns - 3 hours
As you can see on the map and from these flight times, Australia is a really big place! In comparison 24 million people isn't that many people compared to many other countries. This means that most visitors to Australia have expectations of the country which are not necessarily true.
Being so big means several things to visitors to Australia.
- Climate and weather is quite different from top to bottom and from east to west.
- Australia spans different time zones.
- Travel planning is essential because of the large distances between places in Australia.
- Outback travel planning is especially vital because getting it wrong can mean life or death in the harsh Australian outback. Outback guided tours are recommended for novice outback travellers.
- Each state or territory has its own government. Public holidays, school holidays and even laws and road rules are different across the country!